Therefore, the functionalist view of crime and deviance is that too much is a threat to society, but too little means that society is stifling individuals, which should not occur as society is based on a value consensus. Durkheim suggested that by society sharing the same culture created social solidarity, thereby binding individuals together and telling them what to strive for and how to conduct themselves.
Another problem with this perspective is that in a communist society there would be no crime; but history has shown that this did not work in the USSR,China or Cuba. When one of the institutions fails, then society can fall apart. Box believes that working classes do not commit crime as they are too tightly controlled under capitalism, and that the majority of crime is committed by those in the middle-upper classes.
Box argues that the middle class have more of a chance to hide their deviance as the laws are created and maintained by the middle class. Marxists argue that strain theory ignores the power of the ruling class to make and enforce laws in ways that criminalise the poor but not the rich.
A main contributor to the functionalist theory of crime is Durkheim. For example, speeding will result in a punishment such as a fine.
Merton also outlines that there are five adaptations to strain.
In society every individual performs a wide variety of roles such as employee, parent, and citizen. Marxism Karl Marx was born in and was a German Jew. Similarly to Durkheim, control theorists are deterministic.
The Marxist sociologist is Karl Marx, he was a German sociologist. Functionalists focus on the source of deviance in the nature of society rather than biological and psychological explanations.
Merton argues that people engage in deviant or criminal behaviour when they are unable to legitimately achieve socially approved goals. Box also believes that skill is an important factor to consider when looking at why one is less likely to commit crime.
They assume that all societies function in the same way. Society is very much alive and is often compared to the workings of a human body. The two perspectives that will be looked at are Functionalist and Marxist they both agree that society shapes the individual and not the individual that shapes society Crime and Deviance is part of our society.
And psychologically factors are thought to be more complex issues rather then it just being a result of early childhood. The Bourgeoisie ensure that Proletariats remain committed to providing their labour by convincing the Proletariat that the economic system is based upon freedom, fairness and equality.
Psychologist John Bolwby believed that deviance was not inherited but was the result of early childhood and a lack of maternal bond. What the functionalist theory seems to ignore is the negative affects crime can have on the victim and the criminal and who the laws which are the outcome of deviance benefit.
Durkheim believed that crime was a normal part of society and as society became more individualised crime would increase. Durkheim also came up with the term anomie, a sense of normlessness within society.
And sociologists have found the people's fear of crime is directly related to how much time they spend watching TV of listening to the radio. The problem is that common ideas of who commits crime and why and how often is often misunderstood because of media attention and misleading official statistics.
Another critique is that behaviour that may result from biological causes does not necessarily lead to criminal acts and their is little link between biological factors and crime. He argued that a certain amount of crime is good for society, and that it can bring a community together in order for them to agree on what is right and wrong, and also initiate change.
Psychological theory is that they define deviants as different and abnormal from the rest of the population, but also see the deviant as someone who is sick and in need of help rather than someone who is bad.
The individual then goes on to commit crime as a result of their status. What the functionalist theory seems to ignore is the negative affects crime can have on the victim and the criminal and who the laws which are the outcome of deviance benefit.Crime and deviance constitute a classic pathology within societies which has led to a variety of responses at political and societal level.
This essay will explore crime the cause of crime and deviance with two theories, the labelling theory and biological theory. Assess the functionalist view of crime and deviance - Assess the functionalist theory of crime and deviance Essay introduction. [21 marks] This essay will detail the functionalist perspective of crime and deviance.
Functionalist theories began to emerge after the industrial revolution in the 18th century. Assess the functionalist theory of crime and deviance Words | 8 Pages. the functionalist view of crime and deviance. [21 marks] This essay will detail the functionalist perspective of crime and deviance.
Functionalist theories began to emerge after the industrial revolution in the 18th century. Evaluate functionalist theories of crime and deviance.
Home / Functionalists view society as a collective consensus, they argue that within a culture we all share the same norms and values.
They see crime as inevitable, as a healthy part of society that will occur regardless. ESSAY SAMPLE ON Evaluate functionalist theories of crime and.
Sociology of crime and deviance essay the functionalist perspective that deviance is essential to society and the Marxist view that deviance is a result of the economic environment.
The Functionalist Perspective on Crime and Deviance Posted on April 3, by Karl Thompson A Summary of Durkheim’s Functionalist Theory of why crime is necessary and functional for society.Download